All About Hernia: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatments

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Caused by hernia, a bulge or groin in the abdomen is generally a common problem which can be often harmless as well as painless. But at times it could be dangerous and can make you feel discomfort and pain.
What is a hernia?
A hernia occurs when there is an opening, hole or weakness in the muscular wall or tissue, which normally holds the abdominal organ in place. It occurs when an organ pushes through that opening. It is mostly common in the abdomen. Hernia’s are not life threatening or dangerous in the beginning, but it does not go away by its own. Sometimes a hernia surgery Chatswood is important to avoid the complications.Treatments of Hernia
Treatment of hernia depends on the size and the severity of symptoms of the hernia. Doctors can simply monitor the hernia so that some possible complications occur. Possible treatments for hernia could be dietary changes, lifestyle changes, medications or even a surgery. For surgery, always go to a reputed rnia surgeon.Types of Hernia
There are several different types of hernia:-
Inguinal hernia – it is the most common type of hernia. It occurs when part of the bowel squeezes or compresses through the lower abdomen into the groin.
Hiatus hernia – It occurs when part of the stomach pushes up into the chest through a hole into the diaphragm.
Femoral hernia – It occurs when part of the bowel or fatty tissues are being pushed in the groin at the top of the inner thigh.
Incisional hernia – It occurs when a surgical wound in the abdomen has not completely healed and the tissue pushes through that wound.
Umbilical hernia – It occurs when the part of the bowel pushed through the abdomen close in the belly button i.e. the naval.
Muscle hernia – It occurs normally after a sports injury when the muscles push through the abdomen.Causes of Hernia   

  • Continuous coughing and sneezing
  • Heavy weight lifting
  • Enlarged prostrate
  • Constipation or straining on the toilet
  • Obesity or overweight
  • Straining to urinate
  • Smoking
  • Mal nutrition
  • Abdominal fluid
  • Physical exertion
    Symptoms of Hernia
    A bulge or lump in the affected area is the most common symptom of hernia. When you are coughing, standing or bending, you can touch your hernia and feel it. Pain and discomfort are also the symptoms of hernia. Weakness and feeling heaviness in the abdomen is another symptom of hernia. Upper abdominal pain also indicates hernia.
    Diagnosis of Hernia
    Diagnosis of hernia is very simple as the doctor can see as well as feel the hernia of the patient. He may ask the patient to bend or cough while feeling the hernia as it enlarges the bulge. To visualize the problem, a doctor can ask for a USG or CT scan. The doctor can also ask for a barium x- ray or endoscopy.
    To conclude, it is very important to identify the hernia in its initial stage. Remember a hernia does not go away by its own. However early medical care and some possible changes can reduce the effects of hernia and can prevent it from becoming dangerous. For more information, please click here.hernias-operation